Tag Archives: UP4B

Indonesian military to build roads in Papua

Indonesia’s Government is to use the military to build 1,520 kilometres of new roads in less than two years in the harsh terrain of Papua and West Papua provinces.

The Presidential Unit for the Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B) has turned to the military because no private contractors have the ability to do the job using the allocated budget.

According to the unit, the massive infrastructure project will open the isolated provinces at a cost of Rp 1.5 trillion (US$154 million), also with the help of the Ministry of Public Works and local administrations.

A Presidential Decree is expected in the next few months authorising the military to do such work, clearing the way for more than 1,000 army engineers to get to work.

An Indonesian official says the military’s deployment is aimed at speeding up the process at a relatively low cost, as it is not seeking any financial profit.

While the annual budget for the provinces is estimated at about 4 billion US dollars, officials say much of this goes to cover transportation costs and inflated prices resulting from a lack of roads and ports.

Source: The Jakarta Post



Filed under Development, Military, Papua

PPI Netherlands Recommendation Statement on Papua


This recommendation statement is made in order to convey the aspirations and ideas of Indonesian students in the Netherlands, who joining in the Indonesian Student Association in the Netherlands (PPI Belanda), as a concern over Papua, and to be submitted to the Head of the Unit for the Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B), Bambang Darmono.

The PPI’s recommendations are as follows:
1. PPI Netherlands urges all parties to work together to build a peaceful Papua. As Martin Luther King Jr. pointed out that true peace is not merely the absence of tension, it is the presence of justice.
2. PPI Netherlands promotes impartially law enforcement in Papua, particularly to them who do not want peace in Papua. Justice is not only addressed to the separatist or pro-integration groups, but also to a certain Indonesia’s parties who take benefit from the continuation violence in Papua.
3. PPI Netherlands urges the Indonesian government to engage in peaceful dialogue, do heart-to-heart, build trust and confidence in Papuans, and convince Indonesian people that the government is serious in resolving the problems in Papua.
4. PPI Netherlands sees that one of the problems in Papua is the presence of Freeport Indonesia mining company that does not have much effect to the prosperity of Papuans. There are some problems between Freeport Company and the workers that need government’s attention, such as on salary, pension, and welfare negotiations. The government should be concerned in amending Labor Law, particularly in protecting the welfare and promoting the rights of the workers in foreign companies.
5. PPI Netherlands promotes Papuans’ basic rights and works for sovereignty over natural resources in Papua.
6. PPI Netherlands encourages the results of the Conference of Peace in Papua on 5-7 July 2011 and highlights the importance of Papua Peace agenda.
7. PPI Netherlands considers that there is a problem of identity crisis in Papua case. The question is how to make the Papuans feel as a part of Indonesia and the other Indonesians outside Papua also feel that Papua is really an integral part of Indonesia.

Den Haag, February 28th, 2013
PPI Belanda,
Secretary General,
Ridwansyah Yusuf Achmad

Read bahasa Indonesia version.


Filed under Development, Papua, Security, Separatism

Interview with UP4B chief: Government paves the roads with good intentions in Papua

The Jakarta Post interviewed Bambang Darmono, chief of the Unit for the Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B).

The Jakarta Post (JP): Many people relate increasing violence in Papua to unequal development in the province. What do you think?

Chief of UP4B Bambang Darmono

Chief of UP4B, Bambang Darmono

Bambang Darmono (BD): I reject such a notion. I admit there are development programs in Papua that have not properly been executed, that is why President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono established the UP4B. The job of the UP4B is to coordinate, synchronize, facilitate, evaluate and monitor all the government’s development programs there. It is our responsibility to ensure that programs designed by central government in Jakarta fit the needs of the Papuan people. Our job is also to bring together all desks on Papua within all ministries and make sure that they all are in line with the grand design. Also, we have agents in all districts in Papua to help us connect with, and monitor, the people.

JP: What do you do to make sure that Jakarta and Papua stay connected? How do you work to assess the needs of the locals?

BD: We have around Rp 4 trillion [US$420 million] of funds this year. Some of the money is spent coordinating with our partners, including ministers, and we’ve allocated 75 percent for missions to Papua to monitor the area. I have visited all the districts, and I will keep visiting to keep abreast of the situation.

Through such trips, we get opinions and information from local administrations as well as from the people at large. We maintain our communication with them so that we know for example if people have an interest in cultivating coffee beans or farming groupers. Then we take their proposals to the related ministries in Jakarta to cultivate interest in the programs in Papua.

The House of Representatives Commission I [overseeing defense, foreign affairs, and information] recently criticized the UP4B for doing almost nothing since its establishment in October last year. Can you please share what you have done in Papua?

We are not obliged to tell you what we have done in Papua. We have created a website to provide updates about our programs. You can search for any information they need there. You must understand that our authority is limited. We are working with ministries like public works, education and culture, or the Health Ministry to carry out programs there, and we are ready to implement several programs this year.

For example, together with the Public Works Ministry we will improve the infrastructure. We will build roads to connect villages and districts.

We will also support community based economic projects especially in remote areas. Over and above this, we are finishing a Presidential Regulation to guarantee Papuan entrepreneurs equal access to the economy because they don’t have it yet. The regulation lets Papuans actively improve the economy of their region, which is mostly managed by outsiders for the time being.

In addition, the government has programs to provide quality education for the locals.

The Education and Culture Ministry has agreed to set aside 963 places at 32 state universities across the country for Papuan students. Around 747 students have registered. These students will undergo up to a year’s training to help teach at schools across the province due to the limited number of teachers available. The ministry has agreed to house 1,000 students. We are proposing another 1,500 students.

In terms of health, we are working on improving mobile health services and health centers for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.

Overall, things are going to be much better in Papua.

JP: What are the challenges in coordinating with other government institutions, including ministries, to carry out your programs in Papua?

BD: I don’t find any serious problem with that. We have the Vice President as our leader so he cares of things when they get tough. The government has good intentions. We just need better communication.

JP: What do you think about human rights violation in Papua? What can UP4B do to minimize them?

BD: All countries commit human rights violations. I guarantee that not one single country in the world that fully promotes and upholds human rights. I think, Indonesia is relatively good in handling this issue compared to countries, like Syria.

There are problems in Papua, but I don’t focus on them. Improvements across the board are on the way. The government is committed to them. Trust me, life is getting better there. Protection and prosperity for the people comes through dialogue with all stakeholders in Papua. We are always open to dialogue on social issues in Papua. But, we will not talk about Papua’s integration into Indonesia — there is nothing else to discuss. Papua belongs to Indonesia. Those who disagree may leave the country.

Source: The Jakarta Post


Filed under Development, Papua, Separatism

Govt trying to Bring Papua in Harmony with Unitary State of Indonesia

The situation in Jayapura city, in particular, and Papua Province, in general, seems to be peaceful, after being hit by random shooting incidents committed by unknown people.

Police personnel and military troops, however, are still stationed at several spots in Jayapura.

The security situation was quite worrying last weekend following the death of Mako Tabuni, one of the coordinators of the National Committee for West Papua (KNPB). Some mourners went on a crime spree, burning shops, cars and other motor vehicles, as well as torturing people in Waena, Jayapura.

Tabuni died after being shot by police, who were trying to arrest him for his alleged involvement in recent shooting incidents in Jayapura and surrounding areas.

In response to a series of shooting incidents and violence in Papua, the Indonesian government has reiterated its commitment to pursuing an approach of focusing on the welfare of the community, instead of a military approach, to deal with problems in the country`s eastern most province.

Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Djoko Suyanto, reaffirmed the non-military approach when meeting with community and religious leaders and members of the Papuan Legislative Council (DPRP) and the Papuan People Assembly (MRP) in Jayapura, the capital of Papua, on June 18.

He stated that the government hoped to “bring Papua into harmony with the Unitary State of Indonesia (NKRI)”.

“Until now, the approach used is welfare and not military, because a military approach is only useful for dealing with crimes,” Djoko said.

Minister Djoko began a working visit to Papua on Monday (June 18), along with Chief of the Indonesian Defense Forces (TNI) Admiral Agus Suhartono, National Police Chief General Timur Pradopo and Chief of National Intelligence Agency Marciano Norman.

On Tuesday afternoon (June 19), he was scheduled to travel to Timika, Mimika District, where the US copper and gold mining company PT Freeport, often a target of sporadic shootings, is located.

Papua has been given a special autonomy status, but the implementation of the development programs have not yet met public expectations, although the government set up the Papua and West Papua Development Acceleration Unit (UP4B) in 2012 to boost developments on the Papua island.

Velix Wanggai, a presidential special staff member in charge of regional development and autonomy, said in a press statement in Jakarta on Sunday (June 17) that the government remains committed to developing Papua into a land of peace, as declared by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2004.

President Yudhoyono is pursuing peaceful approaches and dialogs to solve the problems in Papua, according to Velix.

The government has a comprehensive design consisting of five points on Papua, including affirming Indonesia`s unitary state while respecting Papua`s diversity and uniqueness; optimizing Papua’s status as a special autonomous region; pursuing affirmative policies to recognize the basic rights of Papua people, such as access to education; designing strategies, policies, funding and programs to promote development and empower the Papua people; and promoting human rights as well as preventing violence.

Before leaving for the G20 Summit in Mexico last week, Yudhoyono asked Minister Djoko to examine the cause of problems in Papua that have led to a number of recent violent incidents in the region.

With regard to cases linked to separatism, he said, they were against the law and would be dealt with according to the law. Yudhoyono added that the law of the country also applied to Papua and there was no discrimination involved.

He told his ministers that although security disruptions in Papua could be categorized as small-scale incidents, the government would not ignore the loss of lives and take action immediately.

Over the last several months, Indonesia`s easternmost province of Papua has seen random shootings in various locations. The latest shooting incident occurred at the University of Cendrawasih`s campus on Sunday evening (June 10).

On June 5, unidentified people shot three people, identified as Iqbal Rifai, aged 22, a resident of Hamadi Pasar; Hardi Jayanto, aged 22, a resident of Klolfkam; and First Private Frangki Kune, aged 25, resident of the Waena Combat Engineering Corps station.

Arwan, a civil servant of the XXVII Cenderawasih Military Regional Command Headquarters, was shot by unknown gunman and later died while being treated for his wound at a local hospital on June 6.

On May 29, 2012, German national Pieter Dietmar Helmut (55) was shot at the Base G beach in Jayapura. Several days later, the wounded German tourist was evacuated to a Singapore hospital.

Minister Djoko condemned the recent shootings of civilians, foreigners, military and police personnel in Papua. “The acts were against the efforts aimed at creating peace in Papua and accelerating development programs in the region,” he told the press.

“The security personnel are investigating and studying the case. Such violence must be stopped. The local police and TNI must find the perpetrators,” the minister said.

During a hearing with the Parliament on Monday, Marciano Norman, the head of the National Intelligence Agency (BIN), Indonesia`s intelligence agency, said that a separatist group called the Free Papua Movement (OPM) was behind the recent shootings in Papua.

In order to stop shooting incidents, the Indonesian Papuan University Students Movement (GMPI) has requested that local police again compile an inventory of gun ownership by civilians in Indonesia`s eastern most province of Papua.

Further, security authorities must address security problems by establishing an inventory of firearms ownership in Papua, GMPI Chairman Habelino S Sawaki said in Jayapura recently.

Sawaki said he believed that guns had been smuggled into Papua over the Papua and Papua New Guinea border. The border stretches some 800 km and is guarded by four battalions of soldiers.

“With only four battalions guarding the border, it`s easy to smuggle in guns,” Habelino said.

He urged the Indonesian Defense Forces (TNI) and the National Police to deal with shooting incidents in order to create peace in Papua. He also asked the Papuan people to help security officers maintain security and peace.

Source: ANTARA News

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Govt to continue welfare approach to deal with Papua problems

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has continued implementing a welfare approach to deal with the problems in Papua, according to chief security minister Djoko Suyanto.

“Until now the approach used is welfare and not military, because a military approach is only useful for dealing with crimes,” Djoko said at a meeting with community and religious leaders and members of the Papuan legislative assembly (DPRP) and the Papuan People Council (MRP) here on Monday (18/06).

He stated that he had come to Papua not because of the recent violent incidents, but because of his duty to learn about what happened in the region.

“Indeed it is not easy to unite the views of different parties, but the most important thing is how to unite Papua peacefully so that the province could catch up with other regions,” Djoko noted.

He added that the government hoped to “bring Papua in harmony with the Unitary State of Indonesia”.

Regarding the implementation of special autonomy in Papua, Djoko said the program had not yet been able to meet public expectations.

In view of that, he added, the implementation of the program would continue to be evaluated, which had led to the issuance of Presidential Instruction Number 5 of 2005 and the establishment of the UP4B (Papua and West Papua Development Acceleration Unit) in 2011.

The meeting was also attended by defense forces (TNI) commander Admiral Agus Suhartono, National Police chief General Timur Pradopo, and National Intelligence Agency chief Marciano Norman.

Source: ANTARA News

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Hana Hikoyabi: Striving for the people

“When one door closes, find another one to enter.”

Hana Hikoyabi

That is the principle Hana Hikoyabi, former deputy chairperson of the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP), follows in her struggle for the welfare of Papuans after being deprived of her MRP membership for the 2011-2016 period.

The MRP, formed after Papua was granted special autonomy in 2001, is a cultural institution of native Papuans aimed at working for their basic rights, striving to empower them through beneficial policies related to all aspects of their lives.

While in the MRP, Hana, 46, and 42 other MRP members decided to change the policy on civil servant recruitment in Papua, with priority given to native Papuans and positions in echelons II-IV dominated by locals as well.

The move, initiated by Hana and MRP executives Agus Alua and Frans Wopakrik, in striving for priority treatment of native Papuans caused concern in the central government and climaxed in a demonstration before the Papuan Regional Council.

A resolution of the MRP conference was submitted in July of 2010 that rejected special autonomy for failing to promote Papuan welfare.

With the resolution, Hana was deemed disloyal to the state philosophy of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution, and the Home Ministry discontinued her MRP membership despite her majority votes in the election of female members of the MRP in the city of Jayapura.

As she questioned the reason for the stripping of her MRP membership, Hana was offered a place in the Papua and West Papua Development Acceleration Unit (UP4B), which she rejected. “They failed to show my fault and violation, even proposing a post in the UP4B and I said no,’’ she said.

As the MRP door is now closed to Hana, she is instead struggling through the “people’s door” for the well-being of Papuans. “Though without formal dress as an official to exert clout on people-oriented policymaking, I can still join hands with the people in another quest for the promotion of public welfare,” she said.

Hana’s change from a public figure into a livestock breeder is her way of maintaining her existence along with the masses. Her elegant and extensive residence in Sentani now partly serves as a chicken and catfish breeding site. Along with local farmers and breeders, Hana is striving to make Papua, especially Jayapura, a chicken and fish producer rather than just a consumer.

“So far Papua has remained a consumer of fish, beef, chickens, vegetables, chilies and various needs from other regions while in fact they can be produced in Papua. The question is what has made Papua continue to be a dependent recipient instead of a producing province,” wondered the former justice ministry official.

This is what Hana is supposed to answer. Through a farmer’s group with 99 members, Hana is endeavoring to penetrate a market now controlled by major companies. “We have very vast natural resources that are not yet fully exploited. Why doesn’t the government strengthen local farmers’ capacity to produce all their daily needs without buying them from Java?” she asked.

“I’m undertaking this breeding business in order to encourage and convince local farmers that Papua can also independently meet its own necessities. All the commodities purchased from other regions can be yielded in Papua, but it now depends on whether the government favors local farmers or big companies,” Hana said.

According to Hana, the government tends to make available stocks regardless of their origins, whereas Papuan farmers are no match for major investors so that they can only become small-scale village businessmen. Though they have chicken harvests every 25 days, it’s very hard to find a market. “The interior market is already controlled by entrepreneurs while urban shops only buy at lower prices,” she said.

Hana even opened her own shop to face the competition in Jayapura. “I opened my shop to market the group’s broilers by making available fresh chicken at a competitive price against the frozen chicken coming from other regions.”

She was striving step by step, trying to overcome constraints with the aim of making Papua a producer and local farmers the market owners in the region.

Besides handling livestock breeding, Hana continues to instruct women in Papua, including by setting up a women’s cooperative in Sentani. “The cooperative started early this year but it has 193 members and has opened three branches in villages,” she said.

Called Nake Mei, meaning everybody’s mother, the co-op has three businesses: merchandizing, credit-saving and fuel distribution to villages.

The cooperative aims at enabling women to earn income and help their husbands meet family needs while also promoting housewives’ self-confidence. “Undeniably economic problems are among the causes of domestic violence, so that women’s income is expected to reduce violence and boost confidence without fully depending on their spouses,” she said.

“Women are pillars of the nation and state so they should be of good quality in order to produce quality generations in terms of education, health and other aspects of life. Sickly mothers can’t take care of their children and households properly,” said Hana, who sees no closed doors in her pursuit to improve the welfare of the people of Papua.

Source: The Jakarta Post

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Filed under Democracy, Papua

UP4B to monitor Papua’ special autonomy

Spokesman for the Special Unit for Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B) Amiruddin Al Rahab has said the unit will make sure that all programs in Papua are properly monitored and answer the people’s need.

The statement was made following the endorsement of Rp 3.8 trillion of special autonomy funds last week by the local parliament.

“We are now synchronizing every program, trying our best to avoid duplicating, let alone ineffective, programs. This has been part of the monitoring system,” told Amiruddin on Monday (20/02).

He also invited anti-graft NGOs like the Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) and Transparency International’s Indonesian branch to monitor the program implementation.

“Whenever we spot indications of graft then we will invite the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) in,” he said.

UP4B, which is led by Lt. Gen. Bambang Darmono, is tasked with providing necessary assistance to the provinces’ local administrations in distributing welfare to their people and avoiding conflict.

Source: The Jakarta Post

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Filed under Development, Papua